The moon goddess of the Phoenicians, representing the passive principle in nature, their principal female deity; frequently associated with the name of Baal, the sun-god, their chief male deity (Judg. 10:6; 1 Sam. 7:4; 12:10). These names often occur in the plural (Ashtaroth, Baalim), probably as indicating either different statues or different modifications of the deities. This deity is spoken of as Ashtoreth of the Zidonians. She was the Ishtar of the Accadians and the Astarte of the Greeks (Jer. 44:17; 1 Kings 11:5, 33; 2 Kings 23:13). There was a temple of this goddess among the Philistines in the time of Saul (1 Sam. 31:10). Under the name of Ishtar, she was one of the great deities of the Assyrians. The Phoenicians called her Astarte. Solomon introduced the worship of this idol (1 Kings 11:33). Jezebel's 400 priests were probably employed in its service (1 Kings 18:19). It was called the "queen of heaven" (Jer. 44:25).

Easton's Bible Dictionary. . 1897.

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  • ASHTORETH — (Heb. עַשְׁתׁרֶת), Canaanite goddess. Possibly, the deliberate corruption of the name ʿštrt (ʿaštart or ʿašteret) is meant to conform to the vocalization of the Hebrew word boshet ( shame ; see euphemism and dysphemism ). Ashtoreth is the… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Ashtoreth — Ash to*reth, n.; pl. {Ashtaroth}. The principal female divinity of the Ph[oe]nicians, as Baal was the principal male divinity. W. Smith. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Ashtoreth — [ash′tə reth΄] n. [Heb ashtoret; akin to Phoen ʿ shtrt, Akkadian Ishtar, also South Ar ʿ thtr (the only manifestation of the deity as a male)] the ancient Phoenician and Syrian goddess of love and fertility: identified with ASTARTE …   English World dictionary

  • Ashtoreth — noun Etymology: Hebrew ‘Ashtōreth Date: 1855 Astarte …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Ashtoreth — /ash teuh reth /, n. an ancient Semitic goddess, identified with the Phoenician Astarte. [ < Heb ashtoreth < Phoenician ashtart. See ASTARTE] * * * …   Universalium

  • Ashtoreth — A goddess of love and motherhood worshipped among the Canaanites (Judg. 2:13) and called Astarte among the Phoenicians, Aphrodite in Greek mythology. Her cult was encouraged by Solomon (1 Kgs. 11:5), for which he was condemned (1 Kgs. 11:9). REB… …   Dictionary of the Bible

  • Ashtoreth — noun an ancient Phoenician goddess of love and fertility; the Phoenician counterpart to Ishtar • Syn: ↑Astarte • Regions: ↑Phoenicia, ↑Phenicia • Instance Hypernyms: ↑Semitic deity * * * /ash teuh reth /, n. an ancien …   Useful english dictionary

  • Ashtoreth — n. Astarte, ancient Phoenician goddess of love fertility and war (Mythology) …   English contemporary dictionary

  • Ashtoreth — Ash•to•reth [[t]ˈæʃ təˌrɛθ[/t]] n. ear an ancient Semitic goddess, identified with the Phoenician Astarte …   From formal English to slang

  • Ashtoreth —    Hebrew variant of the Babylonian Ashtart …   Who’s Who in non-classical mythology

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